Желе из алычи

Алыча (другое название – ткемали, вишнеслива) – это разновидность обычной плодовой сливы, окультуренная человечеством много веков назад. Впервые алычу обнаружили в Закавказье, там это достаточно известный плод, из мякоти которого делаю соус, который так и называется «ткемали». Алыча обладает не только приятным вкусом, но еще и множеством лечебных качеств.

Чем полезна алыча

Алыча, в отличие от других плодов, содержит мало сахаров, но вместе с тем, в этой сливе присутствуют  органические кислоты (лимонная и яблочная), провитамин A, витамины группы B, витамины РР, Е, большое количество аскорбиновой кислоты, пектин, минералы: кальций, калий, магний, фосфор, натрий и железо.Польза алычи

Пищевая ценность алычи: жиры – 0,1 г, белки – 0,2 г, клетчатка – 1,8 г, углеводы – 7,9 г. Калорийность продукта – 34 ккал на 100 г плодов.

Плоды алычи в свежем виде используют для лечения и профилактики авитаминозов (куриной слепоты, цинги и др.), запоров, так как они стимулируют деятельность кишечника. В медицине применяются не только плоды, но и цветы ткемали. Водная настойка из цветков полезна при болезнях печени и почек, а также расстройствах половой системы у мужчины.

Сок алычи отлично помогает при простудах, в качестве потогонного и противокашлевого средства, благодаря высокому содержанию клетчатки и пектинов способствует выводу радионуклидов из организма. Сок отлично освежает и тонизирует, великолепно утоляет жажду, лечит гиповитаминозы и болезни желудка. Высокое содержание калия делает алычу полезной при проблемах с сердцем – этот минерал предупреждает аритмию, укрепляет сердечную мышцу. Алыча благотворно влияет на состояние нервной системы, обладает успокаивающим и расслабляющим действием. В аюрведе упоминается свойство алычи перекачивать энергию из верхней части тела в нижнюю. Если у вас разболелась голова из-за подскочившего давления, нужно съесть около 200 г плодов и уже через 40-50 минут состояние стабилизируется.

Витамины А и С являются сильнейшими антиоксидантами, они замедляют процессы старения, защищают организм от влияния внешних негативных факторов, улучшают состояние кожи.

Из косточек алычи получают жирное  масло, близкое по своим качествам и составу к миндальному маслу. В нем содержится гликозид амигдалин, способный в присутствии фермента эмульсина и воды разлагаться на бензойный альдегид, глюкозу и синильную кислоту. Масло из косточек алычи нашло широкое применение в косметологии и парфюмерии, его используют при изготовлении медицинского мыла. Скорлупа косточек алычи применяется при изготовлении активированного угля.

Ингредиенты: алыча — 1 кг; сахар — 1 кг; желатин — 30 г.

poleznie_svoystva_alychy

Тщательно моем ягоды, извлекаем косточки, выкладываем в кастрюлю и засыпаем сахаром. Ставим на огонь и варим в глубокой емкости, постоянно помешивая и снимая пену. Через 30 минут томления на слабом огне добавляем заранее разведенный желатин и томим еще около 10 минут. Готовим банкам. Тщательно моем, я обычно мою содой горячей водой. После приготовления джема (о его готовности скажет густота) разливаем его по банкам, закатываем стерильными крышками и убираем до использования в кладовую или темную комнату.

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